Craniosynostosis

Craniosynostosis, also referred to as synostosis, cranial synostosis, or cranial sclerosis is a birth defect that occurs as a result of premature fusion of the cranial sutures. Two or more of the seven main bones of the cranium fail to grow properly, when the child is in the womb. Associated with deformity of the shape of the skull, this condition can be corrected with a surgery. Dr. Sean Boutros, a renowned board certified plastic surgeon at Houston Plastic and Craniofacial Surgery center is experienced in performing craniosynostosis surgery.

Benefits of Craniosynostosis


The procedure can:

  • Improve the way the child’s head looks
  • Relieve pressure in the skull
  • Allow enough room in the skull for the brain to grow

This surgical treatment is performed for infants under two months of age, or later between nine and twelve months.

Four Types of Synostosis and Treatment


Metopic Synostosis (Trigonocephaly)

The most common form of craniosynostosis, the condition causes the forehead to take a triangular shape. This deformity may range from simple metopic ridging to severe trigonocephaly with markedly abnormal head shape. Surgery is generally performed between nine and eleven months of age to widen the intraorbital distance and provide a smooth, pleasing contour for the forehead.

Sagittal Synostosis (Scaphocephaly)

Caused by a variety of gene abnormalities, sagittal synostosis can most often be treated with minimally invasive techniques for babies less than two months of age. In cases where early treatment is not instituted, treatment is best delayed until approximately nine to ten months of age.

Unicoronal Synostosis (Anterior Plagiocephaly)

Mainly associated with cosmetic deformities including eye, nasal, and forehead, the condition is treated surgically between nine and twelve months of age. During the procedure, the bone that creates the brow is reshaped and the forehead is remodeled from its flat appearance to a more natural one.

Multiple Suture Synostosis (Brachycephaly, Turricephaly, Kleeblattschädel)

This serious condition where more than one of the sutures of the cranium fuse prematurely can be treated with a variety of surgeries. Elevated intracranial pressure can be controlled with multiple techniques, including early fronto-orbital advancement surgery, early shunting, and early monoblock advancement procedures.

Comprehensive Care with Effective Surgical Procedures


Dedicated to providing comprehensive and individualized care for all patients, Dr. Boutros will choose the appropriate treatment option for your child depending on the particular condition.

Request Your Consultation

To schedule a consultation about the Diep Flap procedure with one of our experienced surgeons, please contact us at 713-791-0700, or click the button below.

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